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Common Name: Northern Hackberry
Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis
Location: Sunset Hills / Brafferton Park
Size: 7 inches at breast height
Native to: Central and northeastern North America
This tree typically grows to: 40 to 60 feet tall and wide
This tree prefers these conditions: Shady understory along moist shoulder slope.
Special about this tree:
- Tree is very tough, competitive in dense shrubbery, pollution tolerant, and adaptable to shade or sun.
- Pea-size drupe is a single seed that will dry like a wrinkled prune to overwinter and then germinate in spring.
- Witches brooms (tangles of deformed twigs) can be caused by mites. Warts on the underside of leaves can be caused by psyllid.
- The zigzag twig pattern are result of false end buds, meaning new growth sprouts from the sides instead of end of twigs.
- Conspicuous corky ridges and warty bumps along bark